DHS reported a breach of several government agencies, apparently by Russian hackers. The full article is here. More details on the technical implications of this are here.
Many government agencies use SolarWinds products; any organization relying should follow the detailed developments closely.
The most technically interesting and sophisticated item in this report has been the hackers’ ability to bypass two factor authentication as discussed in the second article above.
For most people, the thought of having their computer or smart phone taken over is frightening. Our standard advice to prevent hacks: do not open anything from someone you do not know. Do not open anything you were not expecting. Do not open anything that looks suspicious.
Wi-Fi iPhone Hack
For this newest iPhone hack, you don’t have to do a thing. Take a look at the video in the article below to see a rapid, frightening hack:
Just to check your “hackability,” let me ask this: Did you at least think about it before you clicked that link?
There is redemption in the article: keep your devices updated; this prevents the hack. I know there can be irritating changes in iOS with new versions, but nothing like the irritation of being hacked.
When the CARES Act that created the PPP (Paycheck Protection Program) was written, Congress included a provision that specified that PPP proceeds that were ultimately forgiven under the program were not taxable. The IRS has issued a series of Revenue Rulings (starting with 2020-32) that state that expenses paid with tax-free income are non-deductible.
Many people believe that this does not represent the intent of the legislation because–in effect–it adds the amount of the loan to the forgiven borrower’s bottom line. By denying the deductability of the expenses paid with the loan, the IRS accomplishes the same tax effect as including the proceeds of the loan in income.
Now the IRS has released ruling 2020-27 stating that even if the loan is not forgiven until 2020, the expenses are not deductable in 2020.
If you have questions about this, you should consult your tax advisor. For safety’s sake, it is important to plan for the extra income in 2020.
Microsoft D365 Business Central looks like a very busy web site when you login in. There is a learning curve; finding features and reports goes faster if you have a bit of help. We released an 11 minute video this week to help navigate through the system. A few features covered are discussed below.
Selecting Business Central Role Centers
The first page that comes up when you log in to Business Central is called a Role Center. There are different pre-built roles in Business Central like “Business Manager” or “Accountant.” Each of these has different Role Center links that make it easier for someone in that role to get to the functions they need. To see and change a user’s Role, click on the gear icon in the upper right corner and choose, “My Settings.”
Managing Multiple Companies
You can have as many companies as you want to set up in Business Central. Change companies on the “My Settings” page just like the Role. The license that installs with Business Central (the trial license) requires that company names begin with CRONUS.
Menus, Tabs, and Actions
The Role Center for Dynamics 365 Business Central also has a drop down menu at the top. Quick links (like Customers, Vendors, and Items above) take you directly to needed data. Actions are like quick links; actions preceeded by + will add a new item. So the Action labeled “+Sales Quote” creates a new sales quote.
More Information on the Video
The video covers this and more. Included are suggestions for using the sample data. For example, Blue, Red, and blank locations (warehouses) are good choices because they don’t require you to use the Warehouse Shipping and Receiving functions in the system to create and post Sales Orders and Purchase Orders. The full video runs 11 minutes and provides an introduction to finding what you need. We are planning a follow up video on making design changes in BC.
The Business Central video is available on YouTube. If you’d like to set up a trial of BC, you can do that here. More information is available on our website.
Perhaps a blog about IT and business software isn’t the place for news about the Paycheck Protection Program. We’ve always focused on business applications of technology, though. In this case, the PPP is an important tool for business continuity. So we want to make sure that our readers at least have occasional information about what’s going on.
Here’s an article from Forbes discussing the changes to the PPP that were signed into law last week.
It’s hard to tell exactly what Congress will be able to pass, but it seems that there is bipartisan support for helpful revisions to the Paycheck Protection Program. Since the PPP loans had different disbursement dates, the conservative answer is to plan using the currently available program parameters. Here’s a recent Forbes article on proposals in Congress.
According to a New York Times article, Amazon sales are up 26% from a year ago in the First Quarter of 2020. Motley Fool’s stock recommendation service doubled down on their recommendation of Amazon as a buy. Etsy, a marketplace for small handicraft and other sellers, also reported a 34.7% increase in marketplace revenue. eBay is pretty much even for the 1st Quarter, with a 1% decline in marketplace revenue.
As large as these companies may seem, they have one thing in common: many of the sales made on these platforms are made and fulfilled by small companies. The anecdotal information we have is also encouraging: a $5 million retail distribution company is up 40% this year over last, with most of the increase coming from online. Another small retailer client reported a 49% increase in online sales.
Coronavirus is devastating sectors of the economy, but it may also offer an opportunity. If your business is not currently online, now might be a good time to test the water. Let us know if you would like some suggestions.
You can download the PPP Forgiveness Application form here. Here are a few things we see (this isn’t professional advice, just a few points to think about):
- The period over which you collect expenses (payroll and allowed expenses) is 8 weeks, starting either from the date you received the funds, or the first day of the following pay period (Alternate Payroll Covered Period). Whichever you choose (and it can make a difference, so you need to do the calculation with both dates), you can include expenses paid or incurred. You’ll have to study the rules for the difference, but you can’t count expenses twice.
- Since you based the amount of the loan of the average monthly payroll cost times 2.5, many businesses will not get forgiveness of the entire loan amount. Example: suppose you have a payroll of $20,000 per month, all salaries paid on the 15th and end of month ($10,000 per payroll). You request $50,000 in PPP loan (2.5 x $20,000). Now you calcuate 8 weeks of salary. You’ll probably have only 3 actual payroll dates in the 56 day (8 week) period. If you hold one period of salary, you have (apparently) incurred another payroll worth of expense. That means you have payroll expense of $40,000, but you have to come up with $10,000 of rent, mortgage interest, etc. during that 8 weeks.
- Owing money isn’t really an issue. The interest rate is 1%.
- Be careful what you spend the money on. If you deposit it into your general operating account and pay bills, you may not be using it for “covered expenses,” but you agreed (and signed) that you would only use it for “covered expenses.”
- One last item: there’s this nasty little signoff on the last page: “does not exceed eight weeks’ worth of 2019 compensation for any owner-employee or self-employed individual/general partner, capped at $15,385 per individual.” This may further limit the compensation you are allowed to include.
Lastly, all of this is changing. Several organizations including the AICPA and NFIB are pointing out that this math doesn’t work for all businesses. So expect to see some changes.
In the wake of several large and public companies getting PPP loans, the SBA is talking tough about audits of the “necessary” certification in the PPP application. The documentation necessary for loan forgiveness is also getting a large amount of press among CPAs and other professionals. If you applied for a PPP at the direction of a banker or other professional, and you had cash assets or lines of credit available, you might want to read the article below and have another conversation.
Continuing the schedule of significant releases, Microsoft has announced several new features for Business Central. Some have already been released, and others are scheduled for later in April (or perhaps May). Three significant new features are:
- Extended price calculations. Microsoft continues to increase the number of options for advanced price calculations. For companies that need more complex calculations, see the documentation here. Note the information box on this page with the following key information: “The new price calculation capabilities in 2020 release wave 1 exist in code only, and do not include any user experience. We will provide that in an upcoming release. For now, to use the new capability you must create your own page.” In other words, the pricing calculation features have been developed, but you will need a developer at this point to use them. Contact us at Data Guidance Group if you need assistance with this new feature.
- Improved Bank Account Reconciliation. The look of this page, and the ability to match statement activity with accounting record activity has been improved in this release.
- Receive more items than ordered. Several clients have asked about this feature over the years. In practice, sometimes the vendor ships overages (this is quite common in the printing industry, for example). This feature allows businesses to receive more than the quantity ordered in cases where this is more economical, or part of the agreement with the vendor.
We will have more information about the 2020 Wave 1 release in future posts. You can find the full list of enhancements here.